How to Prepare For Natural Disasters
How to Prepare For Natural Disasters
Not every snowfall or winter storm is a storm, but when a storm gets this name, it means that special preparation is needed. The weather service refers to storms as blizzards to distinguish between strong winds and white conditions.
Thunderstorms with heavy rain can also cause flash floods, strong winds, hail, lightning, and tornadoes. Thunderstorms and lightning are common throughout the United States but are more common in central and southern states. Severe thunderstorms, which can cause heavy rain, flood, hail, and strong wind,s and sometimes tornadoes, can damage homes, businesses, and government facilities.
If a severe thunderstorm warning is issued, seek shelter, as you would if a tornado were to approach your area. This makes structures vulnerable to being blown away by strong winds, such as mobile homes. In severe thunderstorms, go into stable buildings and stay indoors and turn on a battery-powered radio for weather information.
Choose a safe place in your home where family members can gather before, during, and after a storm. Discuss and finalize your disaster plan for the family. This spot should be placed away from windows, skylights, and glass doors that could be damaged or injured by strong winds or hail.
If you hear a roar or a tornado warning, you must move to the lower floor of your home, away from rooms with windows or glass doors. If no structure is available or there is no free space, squat as low as possible.
Avoid tubs, taps, sinks, and metal pipes that transmit electricity. Do not use electrical devices such as phones, as lightning can follow the wires. Remember that rubber soles on shoes and rubber tires do not protect you from lightning strikes.
If you have a home in an area with frequent thunderstorms, installing a lightning rod on your roof is a wise idea. Lightning rods reduce the damage caused by a lightning strike in your home by safely diverting the path of electric shock to the ground. They are not 100% effective, but they can significantly reduce the risk of potential harm.
Lightning is unpredictable and can increase the risk for both individuals and property, And worldwide, lightning can be unpredictable and increase risks for people and property.
Lightning can start fires, damage electrical equipment, people, and livestock, and is the main cause of farm fires. In the United States of America, between 75 and 100 people are killed by lightning each year, though most lightning victims survive. Lightning storms cause an average of 80 deaths and 300 injuries each year. Most deaths and injuries from lightning occur when people are caught outdoors, especially in the afternoon and evening in the summer months. People observing the area should be informed and prepared to act when a severe weather warning is issued. A warning indicates imminent danger to life and property as the storm progresses.
Stay away from storm-damaged areas in order not to be exposed to the effects of severe thunderstorms. When a storm is a forecast, you have time to protect lawn furniture, garden decorations, garbage cans, and hanging plants from the wind.
Plan how you will take care of your pets in an emergency – including a water or electric outage that will require you to leave your home for some time—assistance for people in need, such as infants, children, the elderly, and the disabled. Make a plan for you and your family in case of a thunderstorm at home, at work, with relatives or friends, or in a house, you visit.
Listen to local news and NOAA weather radio. Remember, when the thunder booms, go indoors to a safe place. Endeavor to stay indoors for at least half an hour after hearing the last thunder.
Teach the kids to call 9-1-1, call the police or fire department, or a radio station to get information about emergencies. Choose a safe space in your home, such as a basement, storm room, or interior with low floors and no windows. A family plan should include an emergency meeting and related information.
Listen to local news and NOAA’s battery-powered weather radio for emergency updates. Locate information and print the phone numbers of local emergency services, American Red Cross departments, and the nearest hospitals.
Keep listening to NOAA Weather Radio and local radio and television stations for current information and instructions. Details of your local television or radio stations, the National Weather Service, your local government emergency management website, and social media sites such as NOAA’s Twitter and Facebook can also be found.
Your emergency kit should be accessible if you and your family are forced to hide on the spot or stay at home for a certain period. Remove dead or rotten branches that could fall during a severe thunderstorm and cause injury or damage.
Windows that break due to objects blowing in the wind should be shaded to prevent the glass from shattering in your home. Check for lightning storms and strong do-it-yourself methods to strengthen your home against floods, strong winds, and lightning.
When lightning strikes, the electric charge wanders through the water. To estimate the distance covered by a thunderstorm light, one can see the sound of lightning and hear the resulting thunder.
Ninety percent of the lightning-stricken people survive the event, but seventy percent of them are left with serious, life-changing injuries. About 3 million lightning strikes per day with 1.6 million thunderstorms per year. All US states except Texas and Florida experience lightning strikes.
While most victims survive, people struck by lightning report a variety of long-term debilitating symptoms. Thunderstorms are extremely dangerous, and if you are struck by lightning, the voltage can hurt or even kill you. Most indoor lightning injuries are caused by people using phones.